Rarely, very high LDL is genetic and passed down in families. Just make sure to eat in moderation, as chocolate is also high in saturated fat and sugar. Too much of the bad kind, or not enough of the good kind, increases the risk cholesterol will slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. This is called familial hypercholesterolemia and is caused by a genetic mutation that decreases the liver’s ability to clear excess cholesterol. It is necessary to take precautions to keep your LDL cholesterol levels within the normal ranges if wanting to avoid cardiovascular events. Elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol is a clearly established risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). LDL cholesterol can build up on the walls of your arteries and increase your chances of getting heart disease. This can lead to chest pain and heart attack. Low-density lipoprotein particles are small, relatively buoyant spheres made up of lipids (fats) and proteins. A good LDL number is less than 130 – better yet, less than 100. This condition can lead to very high LDL levels, and heart attack or stroke at a young age in multiple generations. It ferries insoluble cholesterol through the bloodstream to the nerves and other tissues that need it. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that’s needed to build cells. LDL causes the build-up of fatty deposits within your arteries, reducing or blocking the flow of blood and oxygen your heart needs. LDL is also called “bad” cholesterol because it blocks your blood vessels and increases your risk for heart disease. Indulge a Little. low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or bad cholesterol 20 percent of your triglycerides , a type of fat carried in your blood But what about your cholesterol ratio? The fact is, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the bad cholesterol, is a major cause of heart disease. By the age 20, everyone should know their good (HDL), bad (LDL), triglyceride, and total cholesterol numbers. Recheck them every five years if they’re good, and every year if they’re high, according to The National Institutes of Health. (Simple carbs include foods like sugar, white bread, and white crackers.) LDL cholesterol levels are associated with a low risk of developing cardiovascular disease, especially if one has prior heart issues. Having untreated high levels of LDL cholesterol, the “bad” cholesterol, can place you at risk of developing heart disease. In the right amount, LDL is good — necessary, actually. The good news is that, unlike other risk factors, you may be able to prevent high LDL levels or lower your LDL levels if they are already high. Learn more about LDL… That is why LDL cholesterol is referred to as "bad" cholesterol. Lowering LDL with medications and/or lifestyle changes has been shown to lower CVD risk. Healthy foods and exercise can cut your LDL levels. 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